Clean Water Act


97971102The Federal Water Pollution Control Act, 33 U.S.C. §§ 1251-1387, was adopted in 1948 and, after amendment in 1972 and 1977, became commonly known as the Clean Water Act (CWA). This act provides a comprehensive system for the regulation of pollutants in the waters of the United States with the objective of restoring and maintaining the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the nation’s waters. The CWA operates by authorizing water quality standards for surface waters, requiring permits for point source discharges of pollutants into navigable waters, assisting with funding for construction of municipal sewage treatment plants, and planning for control of nonpoint source pollution. The Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) is the primary agency tasked with implementing and enforcing the CWA.

Note: Recently added resources are posted at the top of the applicable sections.

Major Statutes, Regulations, Case Law, and Administrative Law Decisions

National Agr Law Center Research Publications

USDA Economic Research Service Resources (ERS)

Environmental Protection Agency Resources (EPA)

Forest Service

National Agricultural Library (NAL)

Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)

U.S. Geological Survey

Congressional Resources

Other Federal Resources

Additional Resources

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