Tag Archives: labor

Immigration Policy and Its Possible Effects on U.S. Agriculture

Source:  http://www.ers.usda.gov/AmberWaves/June12/Features/ImmigrationPolicy.htm Changes being considered would affect the market for hired farm labor. Policymakers are considering changes to U.S. immigration law that would affect the market for hired farm labor—including mandatory use of an Internet-based employment eligibility verification system and an expanded program for temporary nonimmigrant foreign-born farmworkers. Labor is an important input to U.S. agriculture—accounting for about 17 percent of the sector’s variable production expenses and roughly 40 percent of such expenses for farms specializing in fruit, vegetables, or nursery products. ERS analysis quantifies the possible effects… Read More →

Abbott & Costello Economics

Unemployment is dropping — as explained by Bud & Lou: COSTELLO: I want to talk about the unemployment rate. ABBOTT: Good Subject. Terrible times. It’s 9%. COSTELLO: That many people are out of work? ABBOTT: No, that’s about 20%. COSTELLO: You just said 9%. ABBOTT: 9% Unemployed. COSTELLO: Right 9% out of work. ABBOTT: No, that’s about 20%. COSTELLO: Okay, so it’s 20% unemployed. ABBOTT: No, that’s 9%… COSTELLO: WAIT A MINUTE. Is it 9% or 20%? ABBOTT: 9% are unemployed. 20% are out of work. COSTELLO: IF… Read More →

Number of the week

450,000: The likely threshold of new claims for unemployment benefits, above which the economy is likely losing jobs and below which it is adding jobs. The unemployed are more likely to apply for government benefits than they used to be, and it’s changing how economists use reports of new jobless claims as a gauge of labor-market health. An economic rule of thumb that generally held through the recessions of the1970s, 80s and 90s was that when new weekly claims for unemployment benefits rose above 400,000, the economy was cutting… Read More →

Upcoming webinar: Economic Recovery Brings Immigration Debate Back to the Forefront

During the last recession, the green industry got a bit of a reprieve in that the country’s attention was focused on the economic downturn. But now that things are improving, dialogue regarding various immigration policies is resurfacing, particularly among the enforcement only camp. Need proof? The federal Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) is currently conducting I-9 immigration audits at many greenhouse, nursery, landscape businesses across the country. Even if you are in compliance, the results can be devastating as you are forced to terminate experienced and valued workers…. Read More →

Training available for new greenhouse workers

Are you hiring labor this spring that needs training on greenhouse production basics? Then this one-hour online training course may be the perfect compliment to your training program this spring. The video-based training is entitled Introductory Employee Training Program for Greenhouse Crop Production, and is offered by the Ellison Chair in International Floriculture at Texas A&M University. It provides introductory-level information about the greenhouse industry plus learning models on greenhouse crop production from beginning to end, controlling insects and diseases, and shipping and handling procedures. One of the… Read More →

The younger companies are, the more jobs they create, regardless of their size.

The popular perception that small businesses create most of America’s jobs has been the focus of heated debate for three decades. However, the more telling characteristic for predicting job creation is the age of the firm, not its size, according to a new study by John Haltiwanger, Ron Jarmin, and Javier Miranda. In Who Creates Jobs? Small vs. Large vs. Young (NBER Working Paper No. 16300), the researchers conclude that the younger companies are, the more jobs they create, regardless of their size. Of course, all startup firms… Read More →

Role of Immigrants in U.S. Labor Market

People born in other countries are a growing presence in the U.S. labor force. In 2009, more than 1 in 7 people in the U.S. labor force were born elsewhere; 15 years earlier, only 1 in 10 was foreign born. About 40 percent of the foreign-born labor force in 2009 was from Mexico and Central America, and more than 25 percent was from Asia. Today CBO released an update to its November 2005 report on the role of immigrants in the U.S. labor market. That earlier report included… Read More →

The Effect of Immigration on Productivity

Immigration during the 1990s and the 2000s significantly increased the presence of foreign-born workers in the United States, but the increase was very unequal across states. In The Effect of Immigration on Productivity: Evidence from US States (NBER Working Paper No. 15507), NBER Research Associate Giovanni Peri analyzes state-by-state data to determine the impact of immigration on a variety of labor market outcomes, including employment, average hours worked, and average skill intensity, and on productivity and income per worker. Peri reports a number of distinct findings. First, immigrants… Read More →

What the Stock Market Decline Means for Financial Security and Retirement Choices

The recent decline in stock market values will have only a muted impact on the retirement of the average early baby boomer, according to NBER Research Associate Alan Gustman and his co-authors Thomas Steinmeier and Nahid Tabatabai. In What the Stock Market Decline Means for the Financial Security and Retirement Choices of the Near-Retirement Population (NBER Working Paper No. 15435), they explain that with only around 15 percent of the wealth of workers aged 53 to 58 in stocks, they aren’t likely to see a huge hit to… Read More →

How reducing payroll taxes increases employment

Today CBO released a letter to Senator Robert Casey, Jr., in response to questions he asked about policies that could be adopted to increase employment. Specifically, Senator Casey was interested in a policy option to reduce employers’ payroll taxes for firms that increase their payroll, and how different design elements of this type of policy might affect its impact on employment. In CBO’s January 2010 publication, Policies for Increasing Economic Growth and Employment in 2010 and 2011, the agency analyzed the effects on employment of several policy options,… Read More →